California Divorce Therapist
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Therapy Services
Reunification Therapy & Family Systems Therapy
In-Home Parent Coaching & Family Therapy
Play Therapy
Individual Therapy
Co-Parent Couseling & Education
Divorce Education
Parenting Plan Coordination (Special Mastering)
Brief Focused Assessment
Custody Evaluation (730)
Collaborative Law: Child Specialist
Divorce Recovery Group
Limits of Confidentiality
255 W. Central, Suite 201, Brea, CA 92821


(same as "Parenting Shadow")

  • Is an in vivo approach that can be used as a step up intervention from in-office family therapy indicated for the parent who has been identified as having significant parenting and attachment challenges with his/her child(ren), which may include a history of abusiveness or substance abuse, or for the parent who has become estranged and/or rejected
  • Is non-confidential: requires a court order, and a final report is provided to the parties' attorneys and the court
  • May generate a report following each visit (reflecting quantitative progress toward behavioral goals and therapist clinical impressions), then provided to the Special Master (PPC) or custody evaluator, whomever is assigned in the matter
  • Sessions are significantly longer (three hour minimum) and take place within the more natural home environment; therefore, parent-child interaction is more likely to reflect what actually occurs between them within this real life context, particularly with younger children
  • Emphasizes parent education and coaching to facilitate the development of parent attachment behavior, attunement and empathy, during the process of building on the parenting skills of nurturing, care-giving, limit-setting and discipline, and play
  • Emphasizes skill building, direct communication whenever possible, and personal responsibility with behavioral contracting for specific negotiated behavioral change
  • Role models positive reinforcement via providing acknowledgment and praise for all steps toward positive change
  • Provides family therapy as needed (Please see: Family Systems Therapy)
  • Addresses co-parenting and parallel parenting issues
  • Is generally limited to a more brief time period than in-office therapy, e.g. two months
  • Sessions take place during the non-residential parent's time with the child and reflects the visitation schedule
  • Is scheduled for a three hour minimum, which includes a debriefing period with the child(ren) and each parent following the session
  • Termination of the session will occur if the parent appears to the therapist to be under the influence of drugs or alcohol
  • Parent understanding is that the following behavior is prohibitive:
    • Questioning the child about the other parent or his/her family
    • Asking the child to relay information or materials of any kind to the other parent
    • Discussing the court case in any manner with the child
    • Any threatening, intimidating or abusive behavior toward the child
    • Profanity of any kind
    • Making any negative comments about others: the child, siblings, the other parent or his/her family, friends, or anyone else associated with the other parent
  • Is billed at the same hourly rate as office visits. Travel time, emails/faxes, phone calls and report writing are all billed at the same hourly rate.
  • May be followed by ongoing family therapy within the office setting if needed and appropriate.
  • Please review Family Systems Therapy for an overview of family systems treatment, which applies to in-home treatment as well


(Please first click on LIMITS OF CONFIDENTIALITY to read the limits of confidentiality for all services)


  • Is confidential and privileged if the parties are using a non-adversarial process (and parties may choose to authorize the therapist to collaborate with their attorneys via three-way conference, with or without the parties' attendance--both parties must agree)
  • However, provides no confidentiality between parents, as the children's needs are central to the issues addressed, and the child is informed that his/her parents may be spoken with about what took place in conjoint session with him/herself (the child) and the other parent (i.e. parents my be informed about what took place in session with the child and the other parent)
  • Provides confidentiality for the child when the family therapist meets individually with the child, which occurs frequently in some cases (please review, "Confidentiality for the Child" under "Individual Therapy for the Child " and the CONSENT TO TREATMENT FOR A MINOR CHILD form). California law provides for the child's own rights to confidentiality and privilege, with the same exceptions as described in LIMITS OF CONFIDENTIALITY, as indicated above
  • Informs the child that when she/he is seen in conjoint session with a parent or in family session that is court ordered therapy, communication within this context is not confidential and may be reported to the court
  • Is non-confidential if the parties are engaged in an adversarial process- therapy must, therefore, be court ordered

Please download the following for more details:

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